A place to integrate and collectively monitor the occurrence and movement of pests and diseases. It is based on symptoms recording and confirmation by molecular diagnostics.
Plant pests and diseases can wipe out farmers’ hard work and cause significant losses to yields and incomes, posing a major threat to food security.
Essed. (1911) ,
Prescott. (1917); (citado en Rosero y Mnera, 1977),
Stover. (1954); (citado en Villarraga y Castellano,
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